Borneo. to capture Borneo initiative came mainly from Americans who wanted to cut the way Japanese supply of oil and rubber, as well as to provide for the best British fleet base in the Bay of Brunei. Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee did not support this idea: the British sought a base in the Philippines, because of their Pacific Fleet has operated in the vicinity of Okinawa, and they did not want to return it to the south. The operation was carried out by the Australian 1st Corps (composed of two divisions) under the command of Lieutenant-General Morskheda the interaction of the US 7th Fleet. May 1, 1945, they occupied the island of Tarakan, lying near the north-eastern coast of Borneo, and on June 10 seized without any serious resistance Brunei Bay area on the west coast. From there, the Australian troops advanced along the coast to the south, in Sarawak. In early July, after a long bombardment, breaking a short but stiff resistance, they seized the oil center of Balikpapan on the southeast coast. It was the last major amphibious operation of World voyny.K that time were in full swing preparing for the release of the British in Singapore, but these efforts have eliminated the surrender of Japan in August. When September 12 Mountbatten arrived in Singapore, he had only to take a total surrender of Japanese forces in Southeast Asia, a preliminary agreement which was already signed in Rangoon on 27 August. Under this agreement, it capitulated three quarters of a million Japanese.